In this short white-up, you’ll explore 7 different types of keloid scar treatment options. A keloid scar is a kind of scar formed by excess growth of granulation tissue at an area of the skin which has healed from an injury. This type of scar forms when; proper healing of the wounded skin is hindered. These disruptions are mainly issue caused by excess formation of collagen in the skin. Due to the irregular growth of the collagen, it results in what is known as a keloid scar.
The scars are dark-reddish in color. They are not contagious; one may experience itching sensation or pain in some cases. If the condition is severe, movement of skin may be affected. Time and patience is required when one chooses to undergo treatment for these scars. One should also do comprehensive consultation with a certified dermatologist to determine the best treatment plan for the keloid scars. Nowadays there are several options that are available to treat keloids;
Use of laser treatment
One of the methods considered to be an effective keloid scar treatment option is laser technology. In laser scar treatment, the laser is concentrated on the surface of the scar. This will result in vaporization of the upper layer of the skin, revealing the other layers of skin which have a natural appearance. There are lasers that have the ability to penetrate into deeper layers of the skin; they help stimulate production of new collagen which helps in treatment of the scars. This type of treatment takes about an hour to perform. One is normally given a local anesthesia during the procedure.
Treatment of keloids by use of surgical methods has a small risk; this is because there is a chance that an even larger keloid may form after undergoing surgery. In order to minimize the chances of a keloid recurring, doctors usually inject the area with steroids; they sometimes incorporate radiation and cover the area with pressure dressings.
Treatment by use of cortisone injections
These injections (also called intralesional steroids) are administered at least once a month. This is done until the keloids have completely disappeared. The procedure is considered to be safe and minimal pain is incurred by the patient. This injections work by flattening the keloid in the affected area until the keloid scar is eliminated completely. Use of these injections sometimes results in superficial blood vessels forming in the area and this may require additional treatment to be done. The procedure can be followed up with laser scar treatment to get rid of marks that may have been left behind after use of cortisone injections.
Use of silicone sheets for keloid scar treatment
This treatment procedure involves the patient wearing silicone gels on the affected area for several weeks. This method does not guarantee complete removal of the keloid scars but there is a chance of success. Apart from silicone, there are other materials which can be used in dressing the area bearing the keloid scars; these other alternative materials are known to work as effectively as silicone itself.
Cryotherapy Treatment Method
Another treatment method used to get rid of keloid scars is cryotherapy, also called cold therapy. In this method, liquid nitrogen is used to freeze the keloid scars, this will result in flattening of the scars. This is done until the scars vanish.
Use The Interferon From The Body
Interferon is a protein produced by the body to fight against bacteria and viruses. Medical research shows that the interferon protein has the ability to reduce and treat keloid scars. The only uncertain thing about this treatment method is how long it will be effective against the scars once it is done. Another option that is normally prescribed is the use of aldara. Aldara is a medicine that is used in the treatment of skin problems and it is capable of stimulating the production of interferon by the human immune system.
Aftercare of The Treated Area
An efficient keloid scar treatment system should be accompanied with a proper aftercare of the treated area. It is recommended that the treated area should be washed gently with soapy water. The area should also be carefully wiped with a dry soft cloth; this should then be accompanied with application of an antibiotic gel. In some instances oral antibiotics are also prescribed to minimize chances of infection. This should be done regularly during the recovery period. Results become apparent after a period of about four to five days after undergoing treatment. Complete recovery from the treatment normally takes around six weeks in which one is advised to have a number of visits to the physician to ensure no complications arise.
Finally, keloid scars should be taken seriously, as their growth takes place rapidly. Therefore, if one has this type of scar, it is best that treatment should be done as early as possible to avoid worsening of the condition.
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